下面Fanessay为大家整理了一篇essay范文--The novel of Perfect balance，本篇文章阐述的内容是关于小说《完美的平衡》，可以供大家了解下。对于《完美的平衡》这部小说，是印度作家罗辛顿·米斯垂的一部长篇小说，这部小说打破了米斯垂之前单纯写波斯族裔的主题，是以甘地夫人的紧急状态法来作背景，然后把少数族裔的生活扩展到了广泛的印度社会。不管是从阶级、身份，又或者是权力上，都是属于“边缘化”的主人公视角出发的，从而展现了1975年所颁布的紧急状态法这一个事件，这也表达了作者对印度社会的“失衡”的一个认识。
Rosing, mizpah, vertical focus on history, pay close attention to the creation of the wave impact for individual life history paradigm, from "such a long journey" in formation, and continue to the next work in perfect balance. But unlike before work, the perfect balance broken, hang down before this simply write the theme of the Persian ethnic category, with Mrs Gandhi emergency law as the background, the description of the Persian minority life extends to a wide range of Indian society. This broadening of the scope of writing proves that mith's understanding of the "edge" has deepened. "Edge" is not only reflected in the number of people, but "edge" can be both the edge of status and the multiple marginalization of class, power and identity. As the critic put it, "it is the most detailed exploration of gender, class, religion, and so on, as far as the previous works are concerned." It provides "a considerable social spectrum, collect about Muslim member, tailor, sikhism taxi drivers, cunning beggar, sober lawyers, a murderer bruiser, corruption slums homeowners, unscrupulous police, student activism, and, in some segments, the British Deere ? Gandhi's image, and the midnight's children" as real in such a long journey." In fact, m street is realized in two previous works themselves for Persian ethnicity devoted to ignore a wider social group, so in an interview, he said: "I in this book contains more consciously, primarily because in India, 75% of people living in villages and towns, I want to embrace more Indian social reality." Focused on the novel in some low caste, muslims, and of course the persians edge of this kind of person, they are in the caste "contacts", in the above due to the Hindu religion, on the social status and the elite.
The novel has four main characters: dina, the landlord, and two of her nephews, the two tailors, ishal and olm, and Dinah's tenant, mannak. Dina, a widow, refused her brother's advice to marry her again, and to be the go-between for clothing processing after her eyes could no longer sew. Ish and om left his hometown because of hiding, because om father took part in the caste riots movement, the whole family were killed, only ish and om become survivors fled their homeland for the tailor to make a living. Mannaik, the son of a classmate, went to college in mumbai to obey his father's wishes, and moved out of school because of his humiliation. In dina shabby house, began to narrative, m street different fate and experience of the four characters through the life of a common regional correlation, then put the narrative along a continuation of memory and time two spread in the opposite direction. Dina's childhood, her husband's early death, her hard life; Mannaik's childhood in the Himalayas, in the school humiliation, dubai life experience, the final track suicide; The families of ishal and olm, who lived in the ghettos of their escape, studied tailoring at uncle ashraf, made cheap Labour for lady gupta and finally became beggars. In the past and now, every experience is a description of a living space. At the same time, the life experiences of the four protagonists are all about the people they meet, the things they see and the gossip they hear, and finally they form a small life circle. Mizpah, hang down to the bottom of the India as possible life present situation comprehensively, in each story, we can strongly feel existence state of instability, the characters of these characters is away from their land, the family and loved ones, even in the face of others condemn, unemployment, jail, bodily injury or death.
"You can't separate the boundaries, you can't refuse to give in..." You can only maintain a perfect balance between hope and despair... In the end, all the problems are the balance. The so-called "balance" here is clearly an irony. In mizpah, hang down the description of the "balance" is not so kind and can happen to a person easily, balance in Indian heart because too abstract, too distant and eventually become the prayer of the heart. In reality, they have to undergo an inescapable "unbalanced" society. If there's such a long journey "in mizpah, vertical or depicts the life experience of an abnormal, so in a" perfect balance "in mizpah, hanging is completely focused on the most common and ordinary life, the protagonist in unbalanced state of suffering is a collective destiny as a common sense of people in India.
Many commentators to mizpah, hanging with some realism writers, reason is that lies in mizpah, hanging there are similar to the perspective of realism novel: political rights, social inequality, and so on. In "the perfect balance", missah does not describe the ambitions of the entire historical era, but rather the special historical event of the emergency law enacted by Mrs Gandhi in 1975. In history, the emergency law is generally considered to be one of the wrong decisions Mrs. Gandhi made during her reign. Heavy-handed political, but emergency law represents the autocratic rule is not unique to the British? Gandhi government, but with a universal feature of their country's political power imbalance. Mrs Gandhi after his election victory in 1971 began at the unprecedented rise on the political stage, india-pakistan war victory more strengthened her authority, at the time, there are "the deer is India, India is Deere", all cabinet ministers to her knees and personnel depends entirely on her personal likes and dislikes. However, after the Indian drought in 1972, it was exposed by the American watergate scandal. One of the most influential is the scandal over the illegal fund-raising of elections in the 1971 election; One is the prime minister's use of power to allow her son to open the "son of the wind" car factory in new Delhi. In 1975, the high court in allahabad, uttar pradesh, ruled that Mrs Gandhi had cheated in the 1971 election and disqualified her. The opposition to force the Deere ? Gandhi's resignation. To maintain their political status and to continue to power, Mrs Gandhi immediately declared a state of emergency, clamp down on the opposition, banned strikes, demonstrations and gatherings of more than five people, with press check, freeze salaries and bonuses, and ordered the detained opposition leader size and hundreds of people in the county. After the enactment of the emergency law, the situation of Gandhi's government was stable, but this mandatory policy not only failed to solve the problems in India, but also brought greater instability and crisis to India. Natural disasters, serious inflation, economic crisis, partisan, at the same time, the implementation of the emergency law and add a layer of terror to India: some mysterious arrest, imprisonment, or even "disappear". In the novel, he writes that the only friend in the university was the kind and enthusiastic avignash who was secretly assassinated for participating in student politics. The death of avignash was experienced by ishal and aum, who began the novel by finding a body on the tracks on their way to the train. Be disturbed but feel irrelevant passengers just talking about why people choose to commit suicide, tracks now why not poison or a knife these topics, until later, vertical metasomatism out this way of death is a warning to the opponents, and the dead is avi nai shi, the incident was linked with tough and brutal Indian politics. In his work, mislas is still a kind of "body" to describe this conventional perspective, showing the power of the power to do whatever he wants and the helpless fate of the ruler facing oppression and mutilation. In her childhood, dina was punished by her brother for cutting her hair, and she had to tie her hair back to school every day. Ishal and orm were castrated and disabled; At the end of the novel, he chose to kill himself. The extreme concentration of the power of the ruler and the usurpation of the ruler, the contrast between the two in power is very bright and strong. Ii. Identity imbalance.
Works of the four main characters, though each are not identical, but or was forced to leave his home, and was forced to leave their loved ones or their own familiar habitat, or was forced to leave his own rely on some kind of sentimental. Although, each character is more or less struggling with fate, trying to create a new life, trying to merge with the new environment. But the end is always a tragic failure. Dinah shows the process of losing people in the play of fate; It was the discrimination, persecution and injustice that had been suffered by his nephew; Mannaik shows a dilemma that can't be returned to the root in the search for roots.
Deena's life began with her father's death, first losing her beloved family status, and making a commitment to life under the care of her brother and sister-in-law. After her husband died in a car accident, she lost her emotional support and returned to her brother's home. Soon, because my brother insisted she remarry conflict had to leave home with a seamstress living independently, then because of eye problems can't actually make clothes can only do a middleman for clothing company. Dina in life seems to never find the place of living, is always alone, his father died, she lost her daughter's identity, her husband died she had lost her wife, with his brother made her completely cut off the family, the contradiction of the eye problem and let her lost their livelihoods. In the process of getting along with ish and om, because ish and om, and he is employment relationship, with the persians in India on the social and economic status of pride, she can't really to unite. Therefore, dina's identity in the work is a lonely, the edge of the family, kinship spirit.
Ishal and aum were the lowest of the four protagonists, the most despised, and therefore the most afflicted. Their family was originally a leather worker, and ishr's father, in order to change his identity, asked his son to study tailoring. In India, however, identity cannot be changed. His father, who was dissatisfied with his own discrimination, went into the caste riots that led to his family being slaughtered. Ishal and olm thought the city would have a new life when they left the country, but the fate of the slum, the employment, the need to get food supplies would have to be castrated. Whether in the countryside or in the city, they can only be and will always be the laborers, the rulers, they will always face the unstable, unsafe life. They do live in bamboo during the first tailor job of attic, attic of the image is a symbol of impending, fragile, the door of the corner of the street, shops, railway stations, slums were removed and displacement, and on the ruins of the temporary tent is a symbol of the turmoil, the edge of the living space. No matter where they went in the city or in the country, whether they were tailors or leather workers, their identity was unique, and they were all "toiler".
Horse Nike acted as the character to a certain extent, hanging, one was forced to leave his home to care for, in the real centre-left ran right trying to find some kind of sentimental but by repeated setbacks, finally become completely collapse on the spirit of tragedy figures. Through the brief life of mannaik, mithru expresses a spiritual torment that the root person suffers from the dilemma. For "root", mannaik experienced a psychological process from nostalgia to disillusionment. In the first half of the novel, manack is always filled with the desire to go home, and the more disappointed he is in his new life, the more depressed he is. The mood changes in his contacts with ish and om, in 311 there was a novel their dialogue, "" some things are complicated, it is hard to separate with scissors, 'said ma Nike,' good and bad like this together. 'mannak drew his fingers together. For example, 'my mountains. They are beautiful, but they often create avalanches. "At this time, he was able to look at his hometown more clearly and not blindly praise it. At the end of his work, mannak returned to mumbai after eight years of working in dubai, a long-planned return with an eager desire to find roots. However, mumbai's political chaos, dina plight and indifference, ish and om reduced to a beggar, and even make the horse Nike didn't dare to come forward to Joseph, all real like an avalanche, flooded the horse all hope of Nike. , so to speak, who hang down when creating the perfect balance is quite pessimistic and despair, India after the emergency law in his mind like a big ugly monster, the "root" of India has decline and decay, completely lost the meaning of the home country and emotional connection, it is this connection fracture to destroy the spirit of the horse Nike and his death. The sad thing about being a root is that they are desperate for the root, but always let themselves fall into the abyss.
In the narrative text, in the process of history, who hang down again on the spirit return to India, is close to home, in the mind is like his hero on the idiosyncrasies of memories. Mizpah, hang down and had to admit, however, is full of political corruption, caste oppression, poverty and instability of India like rushdie says, have opened Pandora's box, this is to mizpah, could not avoid fact is immense. Thus, the pen of history rests on the margins, as does rushdie and naipaul, and reveals the neglected, hidden, and hidden India.
In the Indian diaspora writers, historical perspective is not only the internal mining native means, and with the foreign vision, the strict examination of the historical narrative is a kind of roots, a returning to the motherland culture, another tear, trying to bring home culture from the traditions of mold. Therefore, the narration of the national history in their pen not only means the exploration, deconstruction and restatement of the national history, but also the textual imitation of the national image. Just as we can't think of their historical narratives as fiction and tampering, their India cannot be seen as false, as well as his, and distorted. India in their works and Indian history itself, pluralism, mixed, full of contradictions, that is afraid is any holding a rival and a writer yuan culture position to meet the height and depth.
Essay范文：The novel of Perfect balance 2018-05-31