Fanessay整理了一篇assignment范文--About characteristics of Greek mythology，本篇文章讨论的内容是关于希腊神话方面的，可以供大家了解学习。希腊神话是指一切有关古希腊人的神、英雄、宇宙历史和自然的神话，是原始氏族社会的精神产物，是欧洲最早的文学形式。大约是产生在公元前8世纪，是世界文化里的一个重要组成部分。希腊神话作为一种特殊并且丰富的文学体例，它的特点也是很值得后人们不断地去分析与探索的。
Greek mythology, that is, all mythology about the gods, heroes, nature and cosmic history of the ancient Greeks, was the spiritual product of primitive clan society, the earliest form of literature in Europe. Produced around the 8th century BC, it is an important part of world culture. As a special and rich literary style, Greek mythology is worthy of further analysis and exploration.
"In ancient Greece, what was involved in aesthetics was already being discussed." Among them, ancient Greek mythology is an indelible part. Marx once said, "the mythology and art of ancient Greece are the beautiful poems of human childhood, with eternal charm." Zhou zuoren, a famous essayist and literary theorist in China, once said that "Greek mythology is part of the world literary heritage." Greek mythology, as the source of this literary style of myth, has been constantly absorbed and perfected in its development process, leading the literary trend at that time. The characteristics of ancient Greek mythology can be summarized into the following three points.
Greek mythology was born in the 8th century B.C. at this time, the whole of Greece or the whole human society was still in the stage of ignorant exploration of the world, and there was still a long time to go before the rapid development of human natural science and technology in the Renaissance and the first industrial revolution. Therefore, during this period, the Greek people did not know much about the principles of some natural phenomena. "the life of poverty and hardship made the people spontaneously create a heaven corresponding to the human world, crave for the protection of the gods and continuously expand the degree of god worship. Instead, he used his own imagination to make creative imagination, which made the whole Greek mythology with the breath of imagination.
For chromosome in ancient Greece, for example, the lack of natural knowledge makes their understanding of the concept of "gender" is relatively fuzzy, therefore in the Apollo luo compiled in Greek mythology, the division of gender is a mythical figure deucalion and leather pull, "those thrown by deucalion stones and became a man, leather is thrown by the woman." These presuppositions, which may seem ludicrous to modern humans, were the product of a lack of knowledge of natural culture in Greece. On the other hand, it shows the imagination of the Greek people in their daily life.
And as in ancient Greek times, "four seasons" cycle this natural phenomenon is explained by the Greek people to "dance" between jose lai, according to Hersey russo-german "theogony", jose lai is the daughter of Zeus and te "si, fates milf lai's sister, they are the north", DE carved and freedom nie, the human world of the seasons in charge by them, the occurrence of natural phenomenon by the Greek people shift to the divine in the world.
Greek mythology of god goddess and jose lai, is endowed with a variety of natural phenomena in human life or social phenomenon, people will can't explain the nature of the doubt and understanding of all human relationships through the imagination, a special attachment myth, rich and creative literary style, build "the world of god" such a completely exists in people's mind, imagine invented by man's view of the world, made only to the human world belongs to the footnotes of ancient Greek society, it also makes it easier to Greek mythology after thousands of years of baptism is still full of pleasure and meaning.
Ancient Greek philosophy is the acknowledged source of the development of the whole human philosophy. As the fertile soil of the brilliant Greek philosophy, the Greek people also injected philosophical thinking into the Greek mythology.
For example, in Greek mythology, the three daughters of Zeus and the goddess of justice themis are called "gods of fate". The Greek people place their thoughts on human life and death on the arrangement of god, and the length of life and the arrival of death of each person must be controlled by the god of fate. The three fates not only control the fate of mortals, but also control the fate of all the gods in Greek mythology, including the twelve titans and the twelve Olympians. This indicates the absolute and heartless nature of fate, and contains the philosophical thinking of the Greek people that people should be awed by destiny.
In addition, the representative "love for wisdom" thought in ancient Greek philosophy is also reflected in Greek mythology. The ancient Greeks endowed their god with "wisdom", an important character trait in their mind, and created a vivid three-dimensional goddess image -- Athena. She not only has a beautiful appearance, but also has a brave temperament and a wise mind. Such a nearly perfect female image has been praised as a source of wisdom, which corresponds with the "love of wisdom" in ancient Greek philosophy and reflects the distinct philosophical thoughts in Greek mythology.
Ancient Greek philosophy and Greek mythology influenced and integrated with each other, which promoted the enrichment of both and the further prosperity of ancient Greek culture.
The myth has two sources of development since ancient times, one is the Greek myth, the other is the Chinese myth. Most of the mythological characters in Chinese mythology are quite different from ordinary human beings, such as cangjie who has two pupils and four eyes, fu xi who gathers the characteristics of various animals, and all kinds of bewitching and animal-like characters in the classic of mountains and seas. However, in Greek mythology, "god" and "man" are mostly homogenous. There are many reasons for this difference, among which "geographical factor" is the key factor.
Greece is located in the Aegean sea region of Europe, where the country is mostly divided by mountains and rivers, and the internal regions are obviously divided and different from each other. Under this special geographical terrain, "royal power" cannot be constructed in this land, and the humanistic thoughts of democracy, freedom and independence naturally spring up here. Similarly, the coastal land near the Aegean sea is barren and humid, which is not suitable for the development of farming. The developed maritime convenience makes the Greek people more engaged in economic activities. Under multiple factors, this humanistic spirit was added to Greek mythology.
In Greek mythology, the gods imagined by the human brain are mostly similar to human images, but the overall image is more beautiful and robust than ordinary human or sexy charm. Their graceful images and bodies reflect the natural beauty of the body of the ancient Greek people. In the mind of the ancient greeks, the human body was the most beautiful product, and people pooled the advantages of the human body on the body of god, which was ultimately the embodiment of the humanistic spirit and the product of self-awareness.
The mythological characters in Greek mythology not only shaped gods into creatures similar to human beings in appearance, but also endowed gods in Greek mythology with various emotions, emotions and personalities peculiar to human beings. In "Greek mythology", human's "anger", "kindness", "jealousy" and "family", "love" and other emotions are vividly displayed in god. For example, in Greek mythology, Hera, the wife of Zeus, is the goddess in charge of marriage, the protector of fertility and marriage, and represents the virtue and dignity of women. Although she has unlimited powers and almost unlimited rights, she still inflicts a variety of revenge on her husband Zeus' cheating partners. According to Greek mythology, Hera transformed herself into her babysitter for semele, the mother of Dionysus, and urged her to demand that her lover Zeus reveal himself. Semele was burned to death by Zeus' thunder. The Hera, in Greek mythology is shaped into a stereotype with people in the "perfect" the beauty of the image is different but jealous god goddess image, the Greek people pull their idea of a god visibly, and they belong to the human emotions, on the one hand, makes the god more true epic, readable, on the other hand also blurred the line between people of god, to a certain extent, makes the "god" is not far-fetched, fully embodies the cultural consciousness.
In addition, the humanist spirit of ancient Greece embodied in the homomorphism of the man of god in Greek mythology is also embodied in the worship of human instinct. Greek mythology as a beautification of god, their disposition than mortal more forthright personality, the pursuit of love and love between them is more direct, it stimulated the later literary works and the awakening of self-consciousness and independent consciousness in human society, also provides ideas for later Renaissance flags and theoretical support.
As the birthplace of human civilization, ancient Greek drama and mythology have long been famous. "dramatic behavior is the imitation of various behaviors in life". Greek mythology also infiltrates the unique thinking mode of ancient Greek people and carries a special history. It has survived the erosion of time, not only for future generations to study that period of history to provide special historical materials and evidence, but also for future generations to provide imagination and literary style for reference. The "Greek mythology" created by the ancient Greek people in their unique geographical environment and social life is a valuable world cultural heritage, which is worthy of future generations to appreciate, discover and explore.